"Hirudotherapy" is designed to create a personified program for the work with the patient’s specific biologically active points using various Rakta Moksha procedures (including classic hirudotherapy). The prescription is generated automatically after a 5-minute assessment on the VedaPulse device .
Blood (Rakta), as a substance in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda, is one of the most important tissues in human body. It is a binding beginning in the process of pathogenesis (Samprapti) and distribution of Doshas from the places of their localization to the areas of their pathological accumulation, which cause diseases (Rakta Roga) according to the theory of the traditional healing systems. A lot of TCM syndromes (Blood stagnation syndrome, Blood Emptiness syndrome) are based on the mechanisms related to qualitative and quantitative changes in the rheological and biophysical characteristics of the blood circulation in the vessels. There are several classes of the herbs in TCM and Ayurveda that expel (clean) the Heat, cool the Blood, move the Blood and removing the Stagnation, restore (add) the Blood. Their aim is to influence the Blood system.
However, one of the most effective ways to "release the blood" (which means "Rakta Moksha" in Sanskrit) is hirudotherapy. Even Dhanvantari, the patron of all healers and doctors in Ayurvedic literature, holds a leech in his hand as sign of the importance of such procedure in the system of rehabilitation activities.
According to the traditional literature on Ayurvedic medicine Sushruta and Vibhuti (Sushruta Samhita, Sutra Sthana, chapter 14; Astanga Hrudaya, Sutra Sthana, chapters 26-27) consider "Rakta Moksha" (and hirudotherapy as its part) a fifth method of Panchakarma (Pancha means “five”, Karma – “effect”). Panchakarma is a system for deep body purification through five effects that must be applied by a doctor to remove the pathological substances that cause disease – imbalanced Doshas (balancing the regulation systems), altered Agni Dhatu (restore the metabolism in the body tissues), body wastes – Mala, and metabolic toxins, endotoxins called Ama. Rakta Moksha is aimed at removing unhealthy blood carrying pathological substances. There are other methods for the treatment of Rakta Dhatu (blood system) besides Rakta Moksha. They are Virechana – therapeutic loosening/colon cleansing; healing fasting along with tonic herbs administration; Annavijnana – constitutional healing diet.
Two main groups of Rakta Moksha (therapeutic bloodletting):